Posts tagged ‘Mockito’

June 18, 2011

Tutorial GWT Request Factory – Part II

by Stefan

In the first part of the tutorial we set up EntityProxy classes for our back-end entities pizza and ingredient. A PizzaRequestContext was introduced that represents the client-side facade for the PizzaDao in the back-end.

Now, a natural next step is to write some kind of controller logic that uses the PizzaRequestContext to communicate with the back-end. Let’s call this controller PizzaManager:

package cleancodematters.client;


public class PizzaManager {

  private final PizzaRequestFactory factory;

  public PizzaManager( PizzaRequestFactory factory ) {
    this.factory = factory;

  public void findById( Long id, Receiver<PizzaProxy> receiver ) {
    factory.context().findById( id ).with( "ingredients" ).fire( receiver );

The manager gets a RequestFactory instance passed into the constructor. This is a good idea as creating the RequestFactory requires a GWT#create() call which doesn’t work in plain JUnit tests. See my previous post on how to use GIN get the instance injected automatically.

How can we test the implementation of findById() with plain JUnit tests? One approach is to use a mocked PizzaRequestFactory instance. In our test we then have to ensure that the method chain factory.context().findById( id ).with( "ingredients" ).fire( receiver ) is called correctly. This test code is hard to write and also tied very closely with implementation details. In general, fluent interfaces are nice to read (but often violate the Law of Demeter, btw) but testing this code with mocks can be really cumbersome.

A better approach in my view is to use GWT’s RequestFactory infrastructure and replace the transport layer with some “in memory” processing that is independent of the browser infrastructure. Fortunately, GWT already provides a class for this: InProcessRequestTransport. This approach has another advantage: We also test the error-prone reference of nested entities (with( "ingredients" ) in the example).

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May 12, 2011

Testing asynchronous services with Mockito

by Stefan

Programming asynchronous services can be really challenging. Examples are asynchronous webservices, GWT server calls or event-based systems like widget toolkits. Usually, clients have to pass a callback to the service on which a method is called on success or error containing the data to proceed or an error message.
A typical asynchronous system is your local pizza service:

package cleancodematters;

public class PizzaService {

  public interface PizzaEvent {
    void pizzaAvailable( Pizza pizza );

  public void orderPizza( String name, PizzaEvent event ) {
    // some async processing, calls event on finish

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